DIR displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
DIR [drive][path][filename] [/P] [/W] [/A[[:]attributes]]
[/O[[:]sortorder]] [/S] [/B] [/L] [/Y] [/?]
drive The drive letter, e.g. C:
path The directory, e.g. \example\
filename The file to display, e.g. test.txt
Specifiy drive, directory, and/or files to list. (Could
be enhanced file specification or multiple filespecs.)
/P Displays one page of the listing at a time
/W Displays the listing in wide format
Displays only the files and directories with the specified
attributes. Default is /a:hsdar. You may use the following
h | -h Hidden files -h files that are not hidden
s | -s System files -s files that are not system
d | -d Directories -d files
a | -a Files with the archive -a files without the archive
r | -r Read-only files -r files that are not
Displays the listing in the specified order. Default is /O:g.
You may use the following to specify the sort order:
a | -a Alphabetically (A-Z) -a Alphabetically (Z-A)
e | -e By extension A-Z -e Extension (Z-A)
d | -d By date and time -d Date/time in reverse order.
s | -s By size (smallest-biggest) -s Size (biggest-smallest)
g | -g Group directories first -g Group directories last.
/S Displays files in specified directory and all subdirectories.
/B Uses bare format (no heading information or summary).
This lists one name per line
/L Displays names in lowercase
/Y or /4
Display 4-digit year.
/? Shows the help
To customize the default appearance for dir, use the DIRCMD environment
variable. For instance:
To override something set in DIRCMD, use a hypen ("-") on that switch
at the command line. (for example /-w)
DIR is a command internal to command.com and needs no other
file in order to work.
dir c:\example /p
dir c:\example /w
dir c:\example /O: a
dir c:\fdos | more
Please read this command's lsm file also.
You will find the updated version (internet) here and
the version described in this manual page here.
The lsm file contains information about the name of the programmer,
the download site, and some other command related information.
Copyright © 1998 Jim Hall, updated 2007 by W. Spiegl.
This file is derived from the FreeDOS Spec Command HOWTO.
See the file H2Cpying for copying conditions.